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Reptiles of the United States  
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A Guide to the Reptiles &
Amphibians of the United States
U.S. Reptile Guide snakes lizards Turtles turtles salamanders Alligators of the US
Snakes of the U.S.

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Amphiumas of the United States

The smallest family of salamanders with only 1 genus, Amphiuma, with 3 aquatic species restricted to the southeastern United States. Amphiumas are eel like and bear 4 useless tiny limbs, each with 1 to 3 toes. Larvae hatch with external gills and do not transform completely. Adults loose gills but retain one pair of gill slits. Amphiumas are primarily nocturnal and carnivorous. Courtship takes place in the water and fertilization is internal. The female lays a long beadlike string of eggs in a muddy depression in shallow water and guards them until they hatch.


There iare three species of Amphiumas in the U.S.

Two-Toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma means)

Found from coastal plain from southeastern Virginia to Florida and eastern Louisiana.

One-Toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma laevis)

Found in the Gulf hammock region of the Florida panhandle and peninsular Florida and adjacent Georgia.

Three-Toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma laevis)

Found from western Alabama into Texas, north through the Mississippi valley to extreme southeastern Missouri and adjacent Kentucky.





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