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Reptiles of the United States  
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A Guide to the Reptiles &
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Mole Salamanders of the United States

3 Genera: Ambystoma, Dicamptodon, and Rhyacotriton. All occur in North America, from southeastrn Alaska and Labrado to the southern edge of the Mexican Plateau there are 18 species in our range.

Adult mole salamanders are cahracterized by robust bodies and limbs and short blunt heads. ack of a nasolabial groove between lip and nostrils distinguishes moles from lungless salamanders. During the bredding season males develop a swelling around the vent. Larvae have wide heads with ling plume like gills and well developed tail fins. Larvae of some species do not transform but breed in larvae form.

Courtship and breeding usually take place in ponds in late wiunter or early spring. Fertilization is internal. Adult mole salamanders are typically terrestrial and confirmed burrowers. Both larvae and adults are carnivorous.


There 18 species of Mole Salamanders in the U.S.

Ringed Salamader (Ambystoma annulatum)

Found from central Missouri southwest to western Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma.

California Tiger Salamader (Ambystoma californiense)

Found from west of the Sierra Nevada between Sonoma and Santa Barbara counties, California.

Flatwoods Salamader (Ambystoma cingulatum)

Found from South Carolina to the Okefenokee Swamp in Georgia and Florida west to southeastern Mississippi.

Northwestern Salamander (Ambystoma gracile)

Found from the Pacific coast from Gualala River, California north to extreme southeastern Alaska.

Jefferson Salamander (Ambystoma jeffersonianum)

Found from western New England and southern New York to Virginia and Indiana.

Blue-Spotted Salamander (Ambystoma laterale)

Found along the Atlantic coast, from Quebec to New Jersey and throughout the Great Lakes region.

Mabee's Salamander (Ambystoma mabeei)

Found from Coastal plain of North and South Carolina.

Long-Toed Salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum)

Found from Tyolumne County, California to southeastern Alaska and northeast to western Montana with separate populations in Santa Cruz and Monterey counties, California.

Spotted Salamander (Ambystoma maculatum)

Found from south central Ontario to Nova Scotia south to Georgia and eastern Texas.

Marbled Salamander (Ambystoma opacum)

Found from southern New Hampshire to northern Florida west to eastern Texas and north to lakes Michigan and Erie.

Silvery Salamander (Ambystoma platineum)

Found from south central Michigan and adjacent Indiana and Ohio, western Massachusetts south to northern New Jersey.

Mole Salamander (Ambystoma talpoideum)

Found from South Carolina to northern Florida west to eastern Texas, north in the Mississippi Basin to southeastern Oklahoma and southern Illinois with separate populations in southwestern North Carolina and eastern Tennessee.

Small-Mouthed Salamander (Ambystoma texanum)

Found from Ohio south to the Gulf, west to Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas.

Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)

WideSpread! Found from central Alberta and Saskatchewan Canada, south to Florida and Mexico, but absent from New England, the Appalachian Mountains and the far west.

Tremblay's Salamander (Ambystoma tremblayi)

Found in northern Wisconsin, northern Indiana, northern Ohio and southern Michigan east through southern Quebec to the New England coastal plain.

Cope's Giant Salamander (Dicamptodon copei)

Found in the Olympic Peninsula, Washington.

Pacific Giant Salamander (Dicamptodon ensatus)

Found from extreme southwestern British Columbia south along coast to Santa Cruz County, California, Rocky Mountains in Idaho and extreme west central Montana.

Olympic Salamander (Rhyacotriton olympicus)

Found from Olympic Peninsula, Washington to Mendocino County California.





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