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Reptiles of the United States  
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A Guide to the Reptiles &
Amphibians of the United States
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Treefrogs of the United States

There are 7 genera with 26 species in North America. Treefrogs are small and have slender legs and their pupils are horizontal.

Arboreal treefrogs are typically walkers and climbers, and are reluctant jumpers. Their toe tips are expanded into sticky adhesive pads used in climbing. Limbing is further aided by the presence of cartilage between the last two bones of each toe. The cartilage allows the tips of the toe to swivel backward and sideways while keeping the sticky toe pad flat against the climbing surface. A few treefrogs, such as the North American Acris, have returned to a terrestrial existence, lack the large toe pads, and are active leapers.

Male treefrogs in our range typically call while perched on vegetation in, over or near water. Males clasp females just behind the forelimbs. Masses of eggs are laid in the water.


There are 26 species of Treefrogs in the U.S.

Northern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans)

Found from Southern New York to Florida panhandle west to Texas and southeastern New Mexico, north to South Dakota, Wisconsin, and Michigan.

Southern Cricket Frog (Acris gryllus)

Found from the coastal plain from southeastern Virginia to Mississippi and eastern Louisiana.

Pine Barrens Treefrog (Hyla andersoni)

The population centers are scattered in the mid Atlantic and South.

Canyon Treefrog (Hyla arenicolor)

Found from southern Utah to central Colorado, south into Mexico with isolated populations in northeastern New Mexico and the Big Bend region of Texas.

Bird-Voiced Treefrog (Hyla avivoca)

Found from extreme southern Illinois southwest to Florida panhandle and south to Louisiana with isolated populations in northeastern Georgia and on the Georgia/South Carolina border.

California Treefrog (Hyla cadaverina)

Found from southwestern California into northern Baja California.

Cope's Gray Treefrog & Common Gray Treefrog
(Hyla chrysoscelis & Hyla versicolor)

Found from southern Ontario and Maine to northern Florida west to central Texas, north through Oklahoma to Manitoba.

Green Treefrog (Hyla cinerea)

Found from Delaware south along the coastal plain into Florida and the Keys, west to southern Texas, and north through central Arkansas and western Tennessee to Illinois.

Spring Peeper (Hyla crucifer)

Found from Manitoba to the Maritime Provinces, south through central Florida, west to eastern Texas, and north into central Wisconsin.

Mountain Treefrog (Hyla eximia)

Found in the mountains of central Arizona and New Mexico.

Pine Woods Treefrog (Hyla femoralis)

Found from coastal plain from southeastern Virginia to sothern Florida (except the Everglades) and west along the coast to Louisiana with some isolated populations in central Alabama.

Barking Treefrog (Hyla gratiosa)

Found from the coastal plain from southeastern Virginia to southern Florida and Louisiana. Also, isolated populations in the northern parts of the Gulf States and Tennessee and Kentucky. Introduced into southern New Jersey..

Pacific Treefrog (Hyla regilla)

Found from southern British Columbia to Baja California east to Montana, Idaho, and Nevada, also on the Channel Islands off of southern California.

Squirrel Treefrog (Hyla squirella)

Found from The coastal plain from southeatern Virginia to Florida and the Keys west along the Gulf ocast to central Texas with isolated populations in northern Mississippi, Louisiana, and southeastern Oklahoma.

Little Grass Frog (Limnaoedus ocularis)

Found from southeastern Virginia along the coastal plain through southern Florida and west to southeastern Alabama.

Cuban Treefrog (Osteopilus septentrionalis)

Introduced into southern Florida from Cuba.

Mountain Chorus Frog (Pseudacris brachyphona)

Found from southeastern Ohio and southwestern Pennsylvania in a band to central Alabama with isolated populations in West virginia and Mississippi.

Brimley's Chorus Frog (Pseudacris brimleyi)

Found from the coastal plain from eastern Virginia to eastern Georgia.

Spotted Chorus Frog (Pseudacris clarki)

Found from central Kansas south through central Texas to the Gulf of Mexico and introducted into Montana.

Southern Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita)

Found from the coastal plain from eastern North Carolina through Florida to southern Mississippi.

Ornate Chorus Frog (Pseudacris ornata)

Found from the coastal plain from North Carolina to central Florida and eastern Louisiana.

Strecker's Chorus Frog (Pseudacris steckeri)

Found from northcentral Oklahoma and western Arkansas south through Texas to the Gulf with separate populations in central Illinois and southeastern Missouri and adjacent Arkansas.

Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata)

Very Widespread! Found from Alberta Canada to northern New York (except New England, the northern Appalachians, and the southern coast), south to Georgia, west to Arizona..

Burrowing Treefrog (Pternohyla fodiens)

Found from extreme south central Arizona south along the Pacific coast of Mexico.

Mexican Treefrog (Smilisca baudini)

Found from extreme southeastern Texas, south into Mexico.





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